Ecology and geography fieldwork techniques
We’ve scoured the web to pull together some excellent resources on practical fieldwork, be it a handy how-to guide or a bit of advice on investigating specific animals or habitats
General sampling and collection guides
- Random sampling or systematic sampling? Line transect or belt transect? This handy flow chart explains what sampling method to use when.
- How to carry out ecological sampling.
- BBC Bitesize (GCSE) has some helpful information on collection techniques.
- This resource from BBC Knowledge & Learning (National 5) covers sampling techniques, including quadrats and pitfall traps, and the measurement of biotic and abiotic factors.
- Science & Plants for Schools (SAPS) has an online ecology resource examining abundance and random sampling in Wales.
- This idea for a practical that can be held on school grounds from the Nuffield Foundation uses random sampling with quadrats and encourages taking measurements of abiotic factors. A teacher’s guide and student work sheet are included.
- Virtual Ecology Tours
These resources offer advice on conducting fieldwork in specific habitats.
- Succession in salt marshes from the FSC Geography Fieldwork website.
- Rocky shore, salt marsh and sand dune information from the FSC Seashore website.
- Coastal fieldwork techniques from the FSC Geography Fieldwork website.
- Succession in ponds from the FSC Geography Fieldwork website.
- River fieldwork techniques from the FSC Geography Fieldwork website.
Wood and grassland
- Grassland habitats from the FSC Urban Ecosystems website.
- Background information from the Life on Land website.
- Interactive dichotomous key for trees from the Natural History Museum.
- Glacial habitats from the FSC Geography Fieldwork website.
These resources from across the web share information and offer advice on studying animal populations in their natural habitats.
These PDF fieldwork guides from the Royal Geographical Society outline techniques and offer guidance on the best ways to study the following populations:
Specialised geographic techniques
GIS/GPS and remote sensing
This manual from the Royal Geographical Society gives details of these specialised field techniques.
This PDF manual from the Royal Geographical Society explains the processes behind surveying techniques. They highly recommend it for maths and geography teachers.